Many countries which are seen as otherwise democratic are dictatorships because there has yet to be an alternation in power since their incumbent government has never lost an election. The specific details of a dictatorship come down to the individual rulers. The DD dataset covers the annual data points of 199 countries from 1946 (or date of independence) to 2008. Unfortunately, democracy is still shaky in these countries, and the possibility of another dictator rising to power is likely. The phrase "fixed term" indicates the once the head of state is chosen, they serve a known and a limited number of years before another election is held, and they cannot be removed from the office in the meantime via a vote of no confidence.:456. :457 Elected heads of state are usually referred to as "president." Here, we’ve made a list of ten such dictators who weren’t all that evil but worked to uplift their country and its people. Based on the regime binary classification idea proposed by Alvarez in 1996, and the Democracy and Development (or DD measure, ACLP dataset) proposed by Przeworski et al. In the last four years alone, 26 African countries have had transfers of power. Sudan – President al-Bashir came to power in 1989 and reigned with a brutal dictatorship in Sudan until his exile in 2015. However, since they might also give up power willingly, the regime is marked with a type II value to signal potential classification errors where a democratic regime may be falsely classified as dictatorship.:70. Take Togo for example. Is China a dictatorship? Also, here is the qualification on the link itself The three Baltic states were parliamentary republics after declaring their independence from the Russian Empire in 1918, but were all occupied by the Soviet Union in 1940. Below are lists of the countries and territories formerly ruled or administered by the United Kingdom or part of the British Empire, with their independence days.Some countries did not gain their independence on a single date, therefore the latest day of independence is shown with a … Latin America has traditionally been home to dictators: charismatic men who have seized almost complete control over their nations and held it for years, even decades.Some have been fairly benign, some cruel and violent, and others merely peculiar. It looked at a variety of dictators for an answer, including Metaxas in Greece, Franco in Spain, Dollfuss and Schuschnigg in Austria, and the dictators of a number of countries in Eastern Europe. In Germany, the head of state is elected by regional legislatures and not popularly elected. For some people, like the citizens of North Korea, this system of government is all the citizens know. There are eight dictatorships in Asia, seven in the Eurasian region of the world, and twelve spanning from Africa's northern parts to the Middle East. This explains why the quality of government numbers in dictatorships countries is almost always highly suspect. The chief executive can take many names including chancellor, prime minister, or premier and the heads of the executive departments can bear different names and be called different things. Political opposition was squelched and rebellions were put down by the rurals, Diaz's personal guard. Military dictatorship. Under a dictatorship, many people are persecuted for reasons, including their religion or their economic status. ", For a regime to be considered as a democracy by the DD scheme, it must meet the requirement of four rules below::69, Some regimes may meet the first three rules, but lack an alternation in power in its historical past; these regimes are classified as dictatorships because of cases where the incumbent only allows elections as long as they keep winning, and would refuse to step down if they lost. In the United Kingdom, for example, the chief executive is the prime minister, and the ministers are the heads of the executive departments, which together compose the government. The financial backing of powerful groups isn't all that's needed. This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 00:59. Is Russia a dictatorship? whether a majority vote in the legislature can remove the sitting government without cause. If I didn't mention the Jews, you would have sworn I was talkin… Charles Taylor once described as the “tyrant of death” was the President of Liberia from August 1997 until 2003 when international pressure forced him to resign and go into exile in Nigeria. Democracy-Dictatorship (DD), index of democracy and dictatorship or simply the DD index or the DD datasets refers to the binary measure of democracy and dictatorship first proposed by Adam Przeworski et al. Once a dictator rises to power, they slowly remove the power people have to elect anyone else, leave the country, or even speak freely. 3. He was eventually overthrown by the Revolution which lasted 10 years. He remains one of the most brutal dictators in Africa till date. Yes, China is a dictatorship in the form of what the Constitution of the People's Republic of China calls a "people's democratic dictatorship." The name a democracy gives itself or its office does not indicate what type of democracy it is. Between 1946 and 1976, China suffered under the rule of Mao Zedong, a communist revolutionary who founded the People’s Republic of China. NOT FREE (authoritarian regimes/dictatorships) Countries In 2017: Afghanistan – Ashraf Ghani Ahmadzai, President of Afghanistan; Algeria – Abdelaziz Bouteflika, President of Algeria ; Angola – João Lourenço, President of Angola (since Sept 26, 2017; replaced Jose Eduardo dos Santos) Azerbaijan – Ilham Aliyev, President of Azerbaijan Victoriano Huerta: Mexico: 1913–1914 : Appointed president, established a military dictatorship for about a year, and then was forced to resign. After regaining independence by 1991, all three countries resumed to parliamentary democracy. The DD index first classifies the regimes into two types: democracies and dictatorships. The legislature must be popularly elected. Each of the countries with fascist movements written in their history were controlled by dictators.  Though the most recent data set is only updated for 2008, there is planning by Cheibub to update it to the present year. At least 70,000 people were killed and thousands more were disappeared. The autocrat's decisions are not subject to legal restraints, and the autocrat exercised unlimited and undisputed power. That is why you never hear much about dictators before 1918. Before the first world war, most countries were led by monarchs, which were an "old fashion" type of dictator. Therefore, it is impossible to know if the regime is a democracy or a dictatorship, so DD Index considers them dictatorships until an alternation in power occurs. Here are some of the more noteworthy men who have held dictatorial powers in their home nations. Titus Larcius, had been a consul. While autocratic countries are not always malevolent, they are continuing to face rising resistance. President Faustin Archange Touadera of the, President Felix Tshisekedi of the Republic of Congo, President Denis Sassou Nguesso of the Congo, President Teodoro Mbasogo of Equatorial Guinea, President Abdel Fattah Abdelrahman Burhan of Sudan. Dictatorship, form of government in which one person or a small group possesses absolute power without effective constitutional limitations. Wilmington, DE: Scholarly Resources, 1999. Some have been in power for decades, such as President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo of Equatorial New Guinea. For example, DD could classify a country which has a legislative assembly whose official name is "the parliament" but still classify it in any of the three categories. As of 2018, there are currently fifty nations with a dictator or authoritarian regime ruling the country to this day. No alternation in power.  :68 The figures at the left show the results in 1998 and 2008. Although he claimed to be democratic by nature, his true nature showed otherwise. 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