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But she holds that the moral status of the fetus is not the question, it is whether or not a woman chooses to have an abortion is an action a virtuous person would commit. why Hursthouse thinks that a virtue theorist will not emphasize the question of whether or not a fetus is a person? It is motivated by Hursthouse’s puzzling claim in her widely anthologized paper “Virtue Ethics and Abortion” that fetal moral status and (by implication) its underlying metaphysics are “in a way, fundamentally irrelevant” to her position. ... a collection of human cells only has the right to live by virtue of certain facts; For instance, does the baby have a I thought these cases weren’t rare, but I guess that’s an open question empirical question, and to assume that they are in fact representative of a larger portion is an assumption that I should have been a bit more clear on. (3)If you’re allowed to add “other available options” to the argument, then I’m allowed to add, let’s say, “prior available options” – such as minimizing the chances of getting pregnant if one’s not in a good position to have a child. This paper will examine the underlying issues regarding abortion and then, use virtue ethics to determine the best course of action. If getting an abortion is not the same as murdering an innocent person, thus not a vice, then must it be a virtue? It’s not an appeal to what most would do, it’s an appeal to what a practically wise person would do. The database is updated daily, so anyone can easily find a relevant essay example. If you substitute mother for fetus and ask the same question I think you’ll receive wholly humanistic answers; the question is about choice and reasoning when posed to the mother; when posed to the fetus who lacks reasoning, choice and speech then others (tinted by their humanly emotional opinion) respond on behalf of, or because they believe in, which skews your initial question entirely. One could argue that a woman’s right to choose is supported by and an execution of the virtues of compassion and reasonableness (to name a few), since that woman may realize that the circumstances she is in and the resources she has available will not provide a happy and satisfying life for the unwanted child. 2019. Thus, after the abortion there is no inner-struggle that can trigger a wave of depression and anxiety. Are you suggesting that Virtue Ethics can’t offer guidance in those cases? Below, I’ll try to articulate what I take the project of VE to be doing. Now, the considerations you raise are very well connected to abortion in general but they are not salient for the specific argument I was giving. "Abortion and Virtue Ethics." You’ve got a wonderfully intelligent blog. However, abortion prior to the third trimester is legal in many areas in the United States of America. You can view samples of our professional work here. At the most basic level abortion is the termination of pregnancy (Haney, p.10). First, if we consider and grant the argument from bodily autonomy, then it is clear that a woman would have the right to abort her pregnancy since she has no obligation to donate her body to another human being. Abortion and the golden rule, in Applied ethics, coord. Life does not happen at conception, just as a tree does not sprout the moment it is watered. The goal is not just character but a healthy mind and inner-peace and these are more precious than anything else in the world. I think that you’ll be forced to grant that a majority of animals are people or that babies aren’t. Perhaps then, asking whether or not a virtuous person would get an abortion is not the right question. So I’m not convinced this argument carries the same weight throughout the pregnancy. Here is a second consideration, especially relevant since I know Hursthouse has an aversion to dealing in abstract or isolated moral scenarios (I am an ex student): any case of pregnancy has its circumstances which a person or two people with certain character constitutions are responsible for. In what follows I attempt to answer that question by considering both what has been said and what we may further argue from a virtue-focused perspective. (2019, December 6). With that said, I do think nearly all human life has enough value that we ought to prevent practices like abortion from occurring, to a degree. If we assume that the fetus is a person, or has moral value from conception (which Thomson does for the sake of argument), then I think the virtue ethicist will have a tough time saying that abortion is the “right” act all things considered. In other words, flourishing is defined in terms of embodying the virtues. There must equally be kind, noble, courageous people campaigning against abortion. I like to compare it to artistic appreciation (think of Hume’s Of the Standard of Taste). These women are convinced that an unexpected pregnancy can derail their plans. Virtue ethics like many other ethical theories, tries to answer the questions: (A) How should one live? But the woman who is fully convinced that her life is in danger can opt for abortion because she believes that the baby cannot survive without her. Judith Jarvis Thomson does for the sake of argument and my purpose was to engage with those that argue on those grounds. The goal therefore is for them to alter their lifestyle and not to abort the fetus within their womb. Finally, in light of these criticisms I attempt to extend a virtue ethics analysis to embrace a more robust recognition of the humanity of the fetus and the attendant demand of a near absolute prohibition on abortion. David Copp & David Sobel - 2004 - Ethics 114 (3):514-554. Here is a review of a good book on the topic. If you’re allowed to add “other available options” to the argument, then I’m allowed to add, let’s say, “prior available options” – such as minimizing the chances of getting pregnant if one’s not in a good position to have a child. Justice is also one that seems pertinent here, especially in cases that do not involve rape or if the mothers life is not in jeopardy. Your privacy is extremely important to us. by Adrian Miroiu, Bucharest: Alternative Publisher’s House Iloaie, Åžtefan (2009). But I am not really a virtue lover in a big way…I like it, but it’s not my favorite. It is different from other moral theories because instead of focusing on duty, virtue ethics focuses on character (Darwall, p.1). This termination procedure can be performed in different ways but the end goal is the death of the fetus or embryo. After conversing with a fellow colleague about some of what is mentioned here (I appreciated that quick discussion earlier this morning) I’d like to clarify my position a bit. Abortion and Virtue Ethics. 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