The Catholic Emancipation Act gives Catholics civil rights, Sir Robert Peel forms the first modern police force (hence their nicknames 'bobbies' or 'peelers'). In 55 B.C., Julius Caesar initiated the invasion. People call him the Prime Minister. 1759 General Wolfe captures Quebec but is killed. Captain Matthew Webb swims the English Channel, 1884 The 3rd reform act gives more men the vote, 1888 Girls who make match boxes successfully strike. Once again the English win a great victory. Unemployment starts to rise rapidly. 1948 The National Health Service is founded. Different legions were sent to conquer various parts of Southern Britain. 1853-6: Crimean War. 1658 Oliver Cromwell dies. They were not allowed to write freely.Post-Modernism (1940-21st Century) – In post-modernism, basically the history of English Literature of 5 geo-locations are being studied. 1632 The great architect Christopher Wren is born, 1633 William Laud becomes Archbishop of Canterbury. It is called that because fierce Saxons have begun raiding. The 14th Century, a brief chronology and timeline of British History will evolve here. She is replaced by John Major. Perhaps a third of the population died over the next year. His fall from power is so swift he becomes known as 'Tumbledown Dick'. Peasants in Essex and Kent rise up and march on London. Map your history, make new connections and gain insights for family, local or special interest projects. 1910 Edward VII dies. 1264 Battle of Lewes. 1324-1384 Life of John Wycliffe the religious reformer. Charles I rules without parliament. In 901 Edward calls himself 'King of the Angles and Saxons'. James I becomes king. William IV becomes king. Early British History: ROMAN: 43 AD – approx 425 AD: What did the Romans do for Britain? 1949 George Orwell's novel 1984 is published. Unemployment starts to fall. His title was Lord Protector. Edward VIII becomes king but soon abdicates. 1138 The English defeat the Scots at the battle of the Standard. 1787 The first convicts leave Britain from Portsmouth for Australia, 1796 Jenner invents vaccination against smallpox, 1799 Income tax is introduced to pay for the war against France, Another Act of Union joins Ireland to England and Scotland. The Duke of Monmouth (Charles II's illegitimate son) leads an unsuccessful rebellion in Southwest England. Henry I becomes king. The English conquered Wales in 1282 under Edward I. For a period there was a kind of linguistic class division, where the lower classes spoke English and the upper classes spoke French. England is now the only home of the Norman English. Harold becomes king, although William Duke of Normandy also claims the throne. 1154 The civil war ends. 1698 Thomas Savery invents the first steam engine. Celtic people called Britons settles in Britain. The Peterloo Massacre. De Montfort is defeated and killed. 1641 MP's draw up a list of grievances called the Grand Remonstrance. to watch the coronation). 1189 Henry II dies. 1258: First royal proclamation issued in English since the conquest. Henry II becomes king. Great Britain became an island about 8000 years ago. Sometimes called the ‘Early Medieval Period’. 1665-1667 The second Anglo-Dutch war is fought. 1534 Henry VIII makes himself head of the Church of England. Afterwards the Saxons capture Bath, Cirencester and Gloucester. 1833 Slavery is abolished throughout the British Empire. 1607Jamestown, the first successful British colony in North America, is founded 1608 John Miltonis born 1611The King James Bible is published 1625James I dies. (Many people buy a TV. The first hand-written English language Bible manuscripts were produced in the 1380's AD by John Wycliffe, an Oxford professor, scholar, and theologian. Britain enters a recession. The Suez crisis in Egypt. Forests spread across England. 886: King Alfred recaptures London from the Danes and sets out to make it habitable again, adding fortifications to the existing Roman city walls. The Test Act is passed. There were accounts of Roman resistance, including King Caratacus in AD 47. 1679 The Act of Habeas Corpus. Roman civilisation has begun to decline. George V becomes king. William Rufus becomes king. Telegraph cable laid under English Channel. She burns the towns of Colchester, St Albans and London, 78-85 Agricola is governor of Roman Britain, 122-128 Hadrian's Wall is built in the north of England. It ends without a clear victor. Following the Wall Street Crash the depression bites and unemployment rises sharply, 1932 Unemployment in Britain reaches 22.8%. 1307 Edward I dies. Scroll through decade by decade to investigate the richness and diversity of our poetry and prose, as well as the many social, cultural and political strands from which our language has been woven. 891 - Anglo Saxon Chronicle, source of much early British History, begun 893 - Asser, Bishop of Sherborne, completes his book The Life of Alfred the Great 894 - Northumbrian and East Angles swear allegiance to Alfred, but promptly break the truce attacking South West England. The two fight a long civil war. You had to pay to use them). Civil Service Commissioners appointed. In order to make the Welsh happy, the king's son was made the Prince of Wales. 1453 The Hundred Years War with France ends. Women over 30 are allowed to vote if they meet a property qualification. George Orwell's novel Animal Farm is published. The first turnpike road is opened. This interactive timeline allows you to explore the evolution of English language and literature, from the 11th century to the present day. Wycliffe, (also spelled “Wycliff” & “Wyclif”), was well-known throughout Europe for his opposition to the teaching of the organized Church, which he believed to be contrary to the Bible. Pride's Purge. 1603 In March Queen Elizabeth dies. The school leaving age is raised to 15. The battle of Jutland is fought between British and German ships. The Saxons defeat the Romano-Celts at the battle of Deorham. Central Royal authority was strengthened and private feudal armies suppressed. This 'sport' consisted of chaining a bull to a post then using trained dogs to attack it. All men over 21 are allowed to vote. The Irish, Scots and Picts attack Roman Britain. Old English (c. 500 - c. 1100) (including Invasions of Germanic Tribes, The Coming of Christianity and Literacy, The Anglo-Saxon or Old English Language, The Vikings, Old English after the Vikings) Middle English (c. 1100 - c. 1500) (including Norman Conquest, French (Anglo-Norman) Influence, Middle English After the Normans, Resurgence of English, Chaucer and the Birth of English Literature) (An uprising in the North of England). Alfred the Great becomes king of Wessex (southern England). The Roman conquest had a great impact on the British culture. This is the last outbreak of bubonic plague in England. If you enjoy finding out more about our country’s rich history, then you’ll love BRITAIN magazine – the official magazine for VisitBritain. It is over 5% for the first time since 1945. Queen Mary persecutes Protestants. In the 1870s and 1880s networks of sewers are dug and water pipes are laid. He marries Anne Boleyn. 1830 George IV dies. A timeline of all the kings and queens of England from the Anglo-Saxon period to the present. 1746 The Jacobites are crushed at the battle of Culloden, 1756 The Seven Years War against France begins. Napoleon is defeated. But it was only in AD 43 when the Romans under Emperor Claudius gradually conquered Britain. Doctor Who is broadcast for the first time. 1686 'Hanging' Judge Jeffreys sentences many of the rebels to death. The White Ship sinks in the English Channel. Margaret Thatcher falls from power. They land in Kent. Once again the English archers totally defeat the French. As a result iron production booms. Celts called Gaels lived in Ireland. James II flees abroad and William and Mary become the new monarchs. 1356 The battle of Poitiers is fought. English Language Timeline 1. The ice … A Timeline of Modern English History. The first nuclear power station opens at Calder Hall, The Conservatives win a 3rd election victory. 51 Caractacus, a leader of British resistance to the Romans is captured, 61 Boudicca leads an unsuccessful rebellion against the Romans. The English defeat an army of Danes, Scots and Irish. TV becomes increasingly common. Charles Dickens publishes A Christmas Carol. Bull baiting is banned in Britain. In January unemployment in Britain is 13.9%. By the end of 1953 approximately 25% of households in Britain have a TV. Nearly 300 people are burned to death for heresy. C. 4,500 BC Farming is introduced into England, C. 2,500 BC Stone age farmers build monuments called henges, C. 2,000 BC Bronze is first used in England, C. 650 Iron tools and weapons are introduced by a people called the Celts, C. 150 BC The potter's wheel is introduced into England, 55 BC Julius Caesar leads an expedition to Britain, 54 BC Julius Caesar leads a second expedition. The event proves that Britain is no longer a great power. A survey shows 32% of households own one. Emirates makes history with an order for 42 Boeing 777s in a deal worth $9.7 billion. Over time the Saxon kings take over all of the Danish territory (the Danelaw) and England becomes a single kingdom. 1661 Robert Boyle publishes his great work The Sceptical Chemist, The Royal Society (a scientific organisation) is given its charter by Charles II, Charles II marries a Portuguese princess, Catherine of Braganza. 878 Alfred crushes the Danes at the battle of Edington. The time of the Anglo-Saxons and Vikings: Dark Age Britain Vikings murder defenceless monks Why London is the capital of Britain: MEDIEVAL: 1066-1485 Thomas Becket is killed is Canterbury Cathedral. 757-796 Offa reigns in Mercia (a kingdom in central England). ca. They fight the indecisive battle of Edgehill. However the battle of Preston ends hopes of restoring Charles I to power. 1857-8 The … 1513 Battle of Foldden English victory over Scotland. Some workers are allowed unemployment benefit and sickness benefit is created. The Great Reform Act is passed. He lays the foundations of modern physics. 1659 Richard Cromwell resigns. The Normans win the battle of Hastings in October. 1933 Unemployment starts to fall. About 15,000 years ago, the weather became warmer. Humphrey Davy invents the miners safety lamp, which saves many lives. The new conquerors (called the Normans) brought with them a kind of French, which became the language of the Royal Court, and the ruling and business classes. It proposes a new welfare state, In May German forces in North Africa surrender, The Germans fire V I flying bombs at London from June and V II missiles from September. 1825 The world's first public passenger railway opens (The Stockton and Darlington railway). SmartWritingService is a pro essay writing service with 24/7 customer support which can help students who study History in college. A Scottish army invades England in an attempt to put Charles II on the throne. In 913 he recaptures Essex from the Danes. Harold Wilson becomes prime minister. Thomas Hobbes publishes his work Leviathan, 1652-1654 The first Anglo-Dutch war is fought, 1653 Oliver Cromwell becomes Lord Protector of England, 1655-1657 Rule of the Major-Generals in England. (A protest against unemployment). This was the largest-ever Boeing 777 order at the time. 1859 Charles Darwin publishes The Origin of Species. John becomes king. In 1066 William the Conqueror, the Duke of Normandy (part of modern France), invaded and conquered England. George V dies. Women at the time were suppressed in the literary sense. Cars are becoming increasingly common. Edward II becomes king. It outlines his theory of evolution. Kids learn about the history and timeline of the country of the United Kingdom including Celtics, Saxons, Roman rule, the Norman Invasion, kings and queens, the British Empire, and the World Wars. Mandy left Woodlands in 2003 to work in Kent schools as an ICT Consultant. 1509 End of Henry VII's reign – Begin reign of Henry VIII. DARK AGES: From approx 425 AD – 1066 (the Norman Conquest). London dockworkers successfully strike. They were warriors and farmers who were skilled metal workers. Jacqui Smith becomes the first female Home Secretary. Our timeline on 20th century Britain will arm you with all the need to know information on the century's most pivotal moments. 1265 Battle of Evesham. The Scots utterly defeat the English. Celtic Britain (TheIronAge600BC-50AD) • The Celts are the earliest inhabitants of the British Isles to leave a mark on our language. The Scots are defeated at Worcester and Charles flees abroad. 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