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Without such a You may approach this question in a variety of ways. Mill distinguishes higher and lower pleasures in his essay on "Utilitarianism." Kant believes that what matters in the action is the will that was involved, while Mill … The four philosophers had in mind rational and autonomous human beings who are able to decide their destiny, and who pave for … The central concepts of virtue, happiness, and the human good are relevant to modern ethics, but do not play the same role as they did in Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics. They disagree about the definition of the highest good. Flashcards. Nearly everything in a community is at least loosely based on a code of morals: laws, traditions, government policies, and even simple relationships, such as business transactions. Ethics and Religion (Quiz #5) 5 terms. The most important task of ethics is that of truncated, incomplete syllogisms of actions, which they have been in the theories of Aristotle and Kant, to approach to the full, .i.e. Based on Aristotle’s, Kant’s, and Mill’s theories various authors developed the concepts of analysing and fostering the ethical behaviour in business (e.g. Test. Aristotle (384–322 BC) and Immanuel Kant (22 April 1724 to 12 February 1804) were separated by over 2,000 years and lived in very different cultural contexts. Philosophies, ethics and moralities Is freedom an essential characteristic of ethics? Utilitarianism states that what makes an action right is that it produces the greatest amount of happiness (not just your happiness, but others as well). Kant and Mill Trolley Problem Given the situation in which a train is heading toward a group of people tied to the tracks, a person has the option to stop the train with the body of the man who tied those people to the tracks; or watch as the train kills the five people. Comparison of Aristotle, Kant, and Mill T.H. Aristotle and Kant speak of the highest good that man can do to society and his own – one that is not to be done just for the sake of being called ethical, getting material possessions or pleasing comments in exchange for it. ... Aristotle Vs. Mill on Torture. "No?" Aristotle, Aquinas, Kant, Mill. Learn. In this paper you will compare the ethical views of all the philosophers we have studied. PLAY. Comparison of Kant and Mill Similarities. Match. 57 terms. Ethics Test (Aristotle, Kant and Mills) STUDY. Works Cited: Broadie, Sarah. "Would you like it if someone did that to you?" The following similarities were noted by Dr. Hitchcock: Both propose to base morality on a single first principle (for Kant the categorical imperative in its three supposedly equivalent formulations, for Mill the principle of utility). Mill is egoistic in that he lives for the here and now, while Kant is more realistic in that he stretches the here and now into the future to see what worth there is in doing what we do. In his presentation of the doctrine of Utilitarianism, John Stuart Mill bases the moral system on his observations of how people already behave in their daily lives. On one hand, you have Kant’s autonomous perspective on behavior morality, in which you give the law to yourself. In conclusion Aristotle and Kant’s metaphysics differentiate in the sense that one is arguing in favor of realism and the other is arguing in favor of Nominalism. 6. 4. Apr 05, 2016. Fundamental Difference between Kant and Mill. Aristotle Vs. 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