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The arches are 248 metres (810 ft) in length and reach 45 metres (150 ft) above the main deck of the bridge. The four pillars in the substructure of the bridge would probably have been about 280 metres (920 ft) tall, with vertical clearance about 65 metres (213 ft) above sea level, allowing ocean-going ships to pass beneath it. There are ferries between Helsingborg in Sweden and Helsingør in Denmark, 37 € for a single ticket for a normal car including passengers if sailing with Scandlines, and 250 DKK for the same if sailing with HH Ferries. ", Video of the bridge proposal by Dissing+Weitling, "Meyers Fazit des heutigen Kopenhagen-Besuchs bei seinem Amtskollegen Olesen", "The Fehmarnbelt tunnel: delivering a new European link", "Puttgarden nach Rödby Fahrtickets, Zeiten und Preise", "Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link rail consultancy contract awarded", Multi billion euro Denmark/Germany bridge link, "Railway Gazette: Fehmarn Belt tunnel preferred", "Dänemark baut Supertunnel nach Deutschland", "Time schedule for the Fehmarnbelt coast-to-coast project, April 2012", "Fehmarnbelt: Dänen verringern wegen Deutschen Bautempo", Analyse: Femern Bælt-forbindelsen gør Danmark og Europa rigere, "Denmark-Germany undersea Fehmarn tunnel gets go-ahead", "Femern A/S signs contracts with engineering consultants - Femern A/S - The tunnel across Fehmarnbelt", "Case T‑630/15 - Judgement for the financing of the Fehmarn Belt fixed link project", "State Aid SA.51981 (2018/FC) – Denmark – Complaint about alleged unlawful aid to Femern A/S and Femern Landanlæg A/S", Tekniske løsningsmodeller for de danske landanlæg, "Consolidated construction estimate for the Fehmarnbelt Fixed Link", Tiefensee: Durchbruch für feste Fehmarnbeltquerung, German ministry of transport 29 June 2007, https://www.vejdirektoratet.dk/side/storstromsbroen, "Feste Fehmarnbeltquerung – Wird die Fehmarnsundbrücke zum Nadelöhr? The tickets are sold by Scandlines. The Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link would improve this considerably. At the same time as the opening of the bridge, changes were made to ferry services. [17], The Commission has claimed on September 28, 2018, that there has been no unlawful aid. The vaults were connected to a control point about 1 km (0.6 mi) away in Heinrichsruh. There have been objections from local people on the German side, both from those fearing the loss of jobs in connection with the present busy ferry traffic, and from environmental protectionists who believed that wildlife would suffer from the construction of the originally conceived bridge,[56] At the same time, employment connected to construction works would be only short-term, while residents would suffer from the increase in traffic, especially with the planned freight trains which would move from the present Jutland-Great Belt Fixed Link route. [16], On 13 December 2018, the European Court ruled in favour of Scandlines in case T‑630/15 regarding state aid. [2] But according to the agreement between the two countries, the Fehmarn Sound bridge can remain as it is, one lane per direction and a single railway track. The massive bridge will cross the Fehmarn Belt between Denmark and Germany By 2018, drivers may be able to take a road trip from Copenhagen to Hamburg in just three and a half hours. The bridge runs nearly 8 km from the Swedish coast to the artificial island Peberholm in the middle of the strait. [18] Action regarding this has been brought before court in January 2019, case number T-7/19. Furthermore, it is claimed that the project might be economically unjustified, as predictions of passenger traffic and goods transport may be overestimated and there is a considerable risk that the investment will not be recouped. [26] The Schleswig-Holstein state government announced in 2013 it envisioned the construction of a new Fehmarn Sound link or an upgrade of the current Fehmarn Sound Bridge, since it considered the current bridge – with two lanes for road traffic and one track for rail traffic – to be a bottleneck for the German hinterland connection. [21] Hence, there will probably be congestion and delays on the German side of the bridge, with this much traffic, if the track widening is delayed. [2], In February 2015, the draft bill for the construction was introduced to the Danish parliament, and the Danish government submitted an application for DKK 13 billion (€1.7 billion) in EU grants, supported by Germany and Sweden. The agreement will last eight years with potential for extension. The highlight of the journey used to be the 50-minute ferry crossing between Puttgarden in Germany & Rødby in Denmark where the train went onto a ship. In January 2011, a large majority of the parties in the Danish Parliament voted to support a tunnel solution. These critics have been the loudest and they have been able to get a realignment of the planned railway route. [22] This cost included €1.5 billion for other improvements such as electrifying and improving 160 kilometres (99 mi) of railway from single-track to double-track on the Danish side. Kramerbrucke Erfurt. The main span is 22 metres (72 ft) above the sea, which allows shipping to pass through. Feasibility studies had been carried out in the late 1990s, and from as early as 2000 German and Danish transportation engineers were actively planning a fixed link bridge across the Fehmarn Strait, carrying both a four-lane highway and two electrified rail tracks. [28], The Fehmarn Belt Tunnel's railway is the central section of the 'Railway axis Fehmarn Belt', which is Priority Project 20 of the Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T) that seeks to establish a high-speed rail line Copenhagen–Hamburg. On 3 September 2008, the ministers of transportation from Denmark and Germany. At the beginning of that period, before the reunification of Germany, the only possible link was towards Hamburg, as going towards Communist East Germany was not a viable option. [59], There are complaints from some Swedish politicians over the long train travel times between Copenhagen and Hamburg and the lack of night trains, which are impractical to load aboard the ferries. The Sydney Harbour Bridge Climb is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Australia, and officials hope that Lillebæltsbroen can replicate the success in Denmark. The cost and the construction time would be roughly the same. ", "Entscheidung zur neuen Fehmarnsundquerung", "Priority Project 20: Railway axis Fehmarn Belt", "Danish parliament approves DKr 11bn rolling stock purchase", "The world's longest road/rail tunnel: Fehmarnbelt between Denmark and Germany", "Innovations for the Fehmarnbelt tunnel Option", "Tunnel statt Brücke bei der Fehmarn-Querung? On top of this there will be cost of at least €1 billion for the German rail connection which will be paid by the German government. Construction began in 1958 and the bridge was opened on April 30, 1963. The single-level, sectional arrangement of the two road and rail tubes side-by- side – with the road West and the railway East – coincide with the arrangement of the existing road and rail infrastructure and requires no weaving to connect. The precast concrete tunnel sections will have a rectangular cross-section that is about 40 metres (130 ft) wide and 10 metres (33 ft) high, containing four separate passageways (two for cars and two for trains), plus a small service passageway: There will be separate Northbound and Southbound tubes for vehicles, each 11 metres (36 ft) wide, each with two travel lanes and a breakdown lane; while the Northbound and Southbound passageways for trains will be 6 metres (20 ft) wide each and about 10 metres (33 ft) high; the service passageway will be 3 metres (9.8 ft) wide; the standoff space between each "tube" will vary, but the overall width will be 41.2 metres (135 ft). This makes train travel, for example from Stockholm to Brussels, impossible unless one night is spent in a hotel en route. In October 2013, the tunnel company applied to German authorities for approval according to environmental law and other laws of Germany and EU. Local lobbyists have been allowed to get things such as realignment and extra noise protection. [58], In 2019, the Bundesrechnungshof commented that "in view of the current traffic forecasts, it is questionable whether the benefits of the project will increase to such an extent that the expected costs are justified under economic aspects". ", "Sund og Bælt – makes it easier when travelling in Denmark", "Baltic Sea bridge project set for go-ahead", "Approval process in Germany - Femern A/S - The tunnel across Fehmarnbelt", "Femern Bælt-projektet tildeles EU-støtte på næsten 1 mia. [20], The Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link and its double-tracks will shorten the rail journey from Hamburg to Copenhagen from four hours and 58 minutes to three hours and 15 minutes. [33] According to the senior project managers, as well as being the world's longest immersed tunnel, it will be the world's longest combined road and rail tunnel; the world's longest under water tunnel for road; the deepest immersed tunnel with road and rail traffic; and the second deepest concrete immersed tunnel. Find the travel option that best suits you. [citation needed], When the Danish Folketing (parliament) ratified the project in March 2009, its cost was estimated at 42 billion DKK (€5 billion). Atkins has secured a contract to provide consultancy services for the 18km Fehmarnbelt link between Denmark and Germany. In addition, the German state government of Schleswig-Holstein as well as a wide range of business organisations from the Danish, Swedish, and German sides sent statements supporting the application. If you drive to Sweden by car, the trip with the ferry from Puttgarden on the German island Fehmarn to Rœdby (Denmark) is one of the most popular car routes; then after about a 1.5 hour drive through Denmark, you just have to drive across the Öresund Bridge and will arrive in the city of Malmö, in the south of Sweden. The Öresund or Øresund Bridge (Danish: Øresundsbroen [ˈøːɐsɔnsˌpʁoˀn̩]; Swedish: Öresundsbron [œrɛˈsɵ̂nːdsˌbruːn]; hybrid name: Øresundsbron) is a combined railway and motorway bridge across the Öresund strait between Sweden and Denmark.The bridge runs nearly 8 kilometres (5 miles) from the Swedish coast to the artificial island Peberholm in the middle of the strait. The tunnel will replace a heavily traveled ferry service from Rødby and Puttgarden, currently operated by Scandlines, a route known in German as the Vogelfluglinie and in Danish as Fugleflugtslinjen. To excavate the middle portion of the Fehmarn trench – deeper than 25 metres (82 ft) below the water's surface – will likely require grab dredgers and trailing suction hopper dredgers. Combine bridge and ferry. The best way to get from Denmark to Germany is to fly which takes 2h 42m and costs 320 kr - 1500 kr. Øresund Bridge The Øresund/Öresund/Oresund Bridge is a combined railway and motorway bridge across the Øresund strait between Sweden and Denmark. The service from Großenbrode Quay, Germany to Gedser, Denmark, crossing both Fehmarn Sound and the Fehmarn Belt, was replaced with a new service from Puttgarden (on Fehmarn) to Rødby, Denmark crossing just the Fehmarn Belt. [19], This project is comparable in size to that of the Øresund Bridge or the Great Belt Bridge. A nature-protection group said it plans to continue its resistance to a mega-bridge crossing the strait between Denmark and Germany, despite the signing of a treaty to forge ahead with the project. [11] In 2020 it was delayed to 2029. Although originally conceived as a bridge, Femern A/S (the Danish state-owned company tasked with designing and planning the link) announced in December 2010 that a tunnel was preferable,[7] and the tunnel idea received support from a large majority of the Danish parliament in January 2011. Your career opportunities Working at Femern A/S, you’ll not only be building the world's longest immersed tunnel. This solution was for years regarded the most likely scheme and detailed plans were drawn up. Rremember that you can avoid ferries all together - but then there are 2 bridges to pay for - or if sailing to Denmark using the "cheap" and good and fast and frequent Puttgarden-Rødby OR the slow and costly and sparse Rostock ferry both will take you to DK so then there is still one toll bridge to add. This ceased from 15 December 2019. In December 2010, it was announced that a tunnel would be used rather than a bridge, as this would present fewer construction risks than a cable-stayed bridge that would be pushing the limits of the technology. On 26 February 2015, the Danish Ministry of Transport submitted an application for an EU grant of DKK 13 billion (€1.7 billion) for the project's construction phase. [60], Planned immersed tunnel connecting Denmark and Germany, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "Angesichts der aktuellen Verkehrsprognosen ist es fraglich, ob der Nutzen des Projektes so steigt, dass die zu erwartenden Kosten unter wirtschaftlichen Aspekten gerechtfertigt sind. The 18 km immersed Fehmarnbelt tunnel will connect Denmark and Germany. [27] On 3 March 2020, the German Federal Ministry of Transport, the State of Schleswig-Holstein and Deutsche Bahn announced that a new 1.7 km long immersed Fehmarn Sound Tunnel (German: Fehmarnsundtunnel) with four road lanes and two rail tracks, costing approximately 714 million euros, will be built by 2028, while the current bridge will be preserved for pedestrians, cyclists and slow road traffic. Alternatively, you can train via Hamburg, which costs 550 kr - 1200 kr and takes 7h 6m, you could also bus, which costs 190 kr - 250 kr and takes 8h 59m. [3], In December 2012 a study was published saying that the bridge could not cope with the increased railway traffic expected after the tunnel opening.[4]. Architect Gerd Lohmer helped with the architectural design. The Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link (Danish: Femern Bælt-forbindelsen, German: Fehmarnbelt-Querung) is a planned immersed tunnel that is proposed to connect the Danish island of Lolland with the German island of Fehmarn, crossing the 18-kilometre-wide (11 mi) Fehmarn Belt in the Baltic Sea. Fehmarn Sound bridge viewed from the west, Fehmarn Sound bridge viewed from land (from south), 6 asphalt patches over former explosive charge vaults, Fehmarn sound bridge seen from south. Buy a combined discounted ticket for both The Øresund Bridge and the ferry between Germany and Denmark. A cable-stayed bridge runs nearly 8 km (5 miles) to an artificial island where it transitions into a tunnel that runs another 4 km (2.5 miles). This cost is more than double of what would be if following the legal requirements for a 160 km/h railway (the originally decided speed). The fees are also planned to pay for the Danish railway upgrading. The rest is a two-lane expressway. The Swedish government has in 2020 decided to financially support international night trains Malmö-Brussels which are expected to run in 2022 (connecting to a train from Stockholm, needing 17 hours Stockholm-Brussels). The two steel arches, from which the central span is suspended by cables, are braced with steel cross-beams. The €8.7bn (£6bn; $9.6bn) Fehmarn Belt project will get €589m of EU funding. kr", "Good progress in the Fehmarn project - Femern A/S - The tunnel across Fehmarnbelt", "German approval of the Fehmarnbelt tunnel ready to be signed - Femern A/S - The tunnel across Fehmarnbelt", "Femern A/S receives German plan approval for Fehmarnbelt tunnel in Kiel - Femern A/S - The tunnel across Fehmarnbelt", Fehmern Belt Fixed Link rail connection information brochure, Femern A/S launches major construction works on the Fehmarn tunnel, "Work on €7.4bn Fehmarnbelt tunnel to begin on 1 January 2021", "Bundesrichter weisen Klagen gegen Fehmarnbelttunnel ab", "A Tunnel Divides Them: Germans and Danes Split over Undersea Link", "Germany, Denmark to Build Controversial New Bridge", "Expert Report on the Traffic Forecasts and Cost Calculations of the Proposed Fixed Fehmarnbelt Link, Munich 2008", "EU transport infrastructures: more speed needed in megaproject implementation to deliver network effects on time", "Vorplanung zur Schienenhinterlandanbindung der Festen Fehmarnbeltquerung", Brussels-Malmö night train comes one step closer, Information on the Fehmarn Belt Fixed Link on the website of the Greens/EFA in the European Parliament, Dynamic map comparing proposed bridge and tunnel routes, Ramboll's Project Manager blogs about the tunnel, Ramboll's project description of the tunnel, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fehmarn_Belt_Fixed_Link&oldid=991789575, Buildings and structures in Schleswig-Holstein, Articles with dead external links from December 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Pages using infobox bridge with unknown parameters, Pages using infobox bridge with empty coordinates parameter, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with Danish-language sources (da), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Fehmarn Belt Tunnel (Rødbyhavn–Puttgarden), 200 km/h, to be completed in 2028, On 29 June 2007 an interim agreement was reached in. 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