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Sao Francisco. Many of these interesting facts were borrowed from the Brita water filter site (www.brita.com). The São Francisco River or Rio São Francisco is a river in Brazil. 1. About 100 miles below Petrolina, the São Francisco begins a great curve to the northeast and enters a stretch of rapids and falls 300 miles long. Most of its tributaries run dry during the dry season. It will support your essays on Sao Francisco River as well as related topics like Sao Francisco River facts, Sao Francisco River Brazil, Sao Francisco length and area or few lines on Sao Francisco River. The main tributaries of the São Francisco River are the Paraopeba, Abaeté, das Velhas, Jequitaí, Paracatu, Urucuia, Verde Grande, Carinhanha, Corrente, and Grande rivers. One fifth of the world's freshwater fish—2,000 of 10,000 species identified—are endangered, vulnerable, or extinct. 1. Most of the original vegetation that grew along the river, however, has been cleared for agriculture. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. At Brasília they reach elevations of 4,000 feet (1,200 meters) near the headwaters of the Paraná, São Francisco, and Tocantins rivers. Underground water in the region often is too saline for irrigation or drinking. Some of its offshore oil rigs operate in extremely deep water. The falls zone lies in the dry Brazilian interior, known as the sertão. Canion of Canindé de São Francisco, Sergipe, a geological accident carved by the São Francisco River. 2. It is an important river for Brazil, called "the river of national integration" because it unites diverse climes and regions of the country, in particular the Southeast with the Northeast. The project involves construction of cofferdams, spillway and 271km² reservoir in eight stages. Disclaimer: I receive a small commission from some of the links on this page. In the rainforest, temperatures average 80° … When combined with the lower Mississippi River, it forms the world's fourth longest river … The Sao Francisco River is a 1,811 mile Brazilian river that is the 6th longest river in South America. A river canyon on the São Francisco river. The river flows through seven U.S. states (including, Colorado, Utah, Arizona, Nevada and California) and two Mexican states. The body color of piranhas are commonly gray or silver and they have a reddish or orange underside. The river takes drainage from a sparsely populated, semi-arid watershed of more than half a million square miles (1,300,000 km2), which includes parts of ten U.S. states and two Canadian provinces. The Risks of Living Too Close to a River. Southeastern Brazil was once completely covered with dense forest. Below the falls the river flows about 190 miles to its relatively narrow mouth on the Atlantic Ocean, about 60 miles northeast of Aracaju. São Francisco RiverSão Francisco River, waterway that rises in the Brazilian highlands and flows north and east through the semiarid backlands of the Northeast of Brazil for approximately 1,988 miles. It starts near Belo Horizonte and flows northeastward along a line parallel to the coast before turning eastward toward the sea. It is navigable between the cities of Pirapora (Minas Gerais) and Juazeiro (Bahia), as well as between Piranhas (Alagoas) and the mouth on the ocean, but traditional passenger navigation has all but disappeared in recent years due to changes in the river flow, São Francisco River south of Paulo Afonso, São Francisco River, in Sítio do Mato, BA, Brazil. Living on a river may seem very appealing because you have beautiful and serene water views from the comfort of your home. After that, it forms the boundary between the states of Alagoas and Sergipe and washes into the Atlantic Ocean. Read on to discover 25 things you probably did not know about San Francisco. Yerba Buena means, "Good herb" in Spanish. The country also has invested in hydroelectric dams, including Itaipú (which is shared with Paraguay); Tucuruí, which supplies the mines of the Serra dos Carajás; and various dams on the São Francisco River and in the Southeast. It helps in uniting different regions and climes of the country. The Risks of Living Too Close to a River. The Sao Francisco River is a 1,811 mile Brazilian river that is the 6th longest river in South America. Prior to colonization, the river was known as “Opava”. This makes the project the second largest bulb-type turbine hydroelectric plant in the world. Prior to colonization, the river was known as “Opava”. Espinhaço Mountains (Serra do Espinhaço). 2) It is the fourth longest river in South America and in Brazil. In addition to the five states which the São Francisco directly traverses or borders, its drainage basin also includes tributaries from the state of Goiás and the Federal District. With a length of 2,914 kilometers, the river ranks as South America’s fourth longest waterway. Their peaks reach heights between 3,600 and 6,500 feet (1,100 and 2,000 metres). About 44 percent of the population of Brazil (as of 1990) lives in the São Francisco River region. The Brazilians call Sao Francisco the River of National Integration. The São Francisco River rises at about 2,400 feet (730 metres) above sea level on the eastern slope of the Serra da Canastra in southwestern Minas Gerais state, about 150 miles northwest of the city of Belo Horizonte. The lower São Francisco flows through a floodplain of fine silt soils, and tropical semi-deciduous forest thrives there. The prevailing winds are from the southeast, east, and northeast. Alagoas is nestled between Pernambuco and Serhipe in the north-eastern part of the country of Brazil. The São Francisco has been called the “river of national unity,” for it long has served as a line of communication between Brazil’s maritime and western regions and between the northeast and the south. Beware that travel gets very tricky when the water is higher. Basin of São Francisco Covering seven Brazilian states, this basin is the site of important historical events, making it particularly relevant to the social and cultural identity of Brazil. It used to be known as the Opara by the indigenous people before colonisation, and is today also known as Velho Chico ("Old Frank"). He said the reservoir can supply Ceará only until August. With the Diamantina Upland of Bahia state, they form the divide between the tributaries of the São Francisco River and the streams that descend directly to the Atlantic on the east. You know your bays and bridges, but here are 25 unreal facts you might not have known about the Golden City. Living on a river may seem very appealing because you have beautiful and serene water views from the comfort of your home. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Precipitation occurs during the summer months (December to March), while the rest of the year—the winter season—is dry. Rio Sao Francisco is an enormous river flowing through the eastern region of the continent. Among the dominant tree species are the leguminous catingueiras and juremas, members of the euphorbia (spurge) family, and the barriguda tree (a palmlike tree of the Bombacaceae family); bromeliads (plants with basal, often spiny leaves) and a wide variety of cacti constitute the undergrowth. Its source in La Poudre Pass in Rocky Mountains, and it flows into the Sea of Cortez at the Gulf of California, between the Mexican states, Baja California and Sonora. The São Francisco River or Rio São Francisco is a river in Brazil. A piranha or piraña, a member of family Serrasalmidae, or a member of the subfamily Serrasalminae within the tetra family, Characidae in order Characiformes, is a freshwater fish that inhabits South American rivers, floodplains, lakes and reservoirs. Yerba Buena means, "Good herb" in Spanish. Here are some informative facts about Sao Francisco. This page was last modified on 6 December 2020, at 21:46. With a length of 2,914 kilometres (1,811 mi), it is the longest river that runs entirely in Brazilian territory, and the fourth longest in South America and overall in Brazil (after the Amazon, the Paraná and the Madeira). Sao Francisco rises from the mountain ranges of Canastra in Minas-Gerais state. About 44 percent of the population of Brazil (as of 1990) lives in the São Francisco River region. Climate and hydrology. Former Associate Professor of Spanish, Millikin University, Decatur, Illinois. The São Francisco (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃w fɾɐ̃ˈsiʃku]) is a river in Brazil. The lower river basin is largely a tropical semidesert, and … Trail Rating for the Upper San Francisco River Warning: Southeastern Arizona has been very dry in early 1999, so access to the upper San Francisco River is relatively easy for a well-equipped 4x4. The stamp issued by Brazil in 2005 shows a simplified image of the river system. The raven is a symbol of Lisbon. There are four red areas on the main stream. With a length of 2,914 kilometres (1,811 mi), it is the longest river that runs entirely in Brazilian territory, and the fourth longest in South America and overall in Brazil (after the Amazon, the Paraná and the Madeira). The project involves construction of cofferdams, spillway and 271km² reservoir in eight stages. In its lower section the São Francisco is joined by the Moxotó River and forms the border between the states of Sergipe to the south and Alagoas to the north. The São Francisco River or Rio São Francisco is a river in Brazil. São Francisco River, Portuguese Rio São Francisco, major river of eastern South America. Known as "the river of national unity," the São Francisco River is famed for the political, social, and economic union of northeastern … "The Presidio has terrific trails to hike, Andy Goldsworthy sculpture here and there, the surprisingly good Disney museum, a historical museum at the Officer's club and just a lot of great views." https://www.britannica.com/place/Sao-Francisco-River. It was founded in 1776 but renamed in 1846. The entire course of the river flows through only one country – Brazil. Until the river was dammed at Juàzeiro, the riverbed upstream from there would vary from a narrow channel during drought periods to a much wider channel during the rainy season; the Sobradinho Reservoir now holds water throughout the year, although its level can vary considerably. San Francisco is the fourth most populous city in California and the 13th most populous city in the United States, with a population of 805,235 as of the 2010 Census. This makes the project the second largest bulb-type turbine hydroelectric plant in the world. The São Francisco River and its drainage network. Rainfall is deficient over most of the area, and drought is frequent. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The river flows for more than 1,000 miles northward across the states of Minas Gerais and Bahia, through the extensive Sobradinho Reservoir, to the twin cities of Juàzeiro and Petrolina. Before it was renamed to San Francisco, this small city by the bay was called Yerba Buena. Fully 80% of all vertebrate wildlife in the Southwest depend on riparian areas for at least half of their life. With a length of 1,811 miles (2,914 kilometres), it is the fourth largest river system of the continent and the largest river wholly within Brazil. 3) Sao Francisco is the longest river which runs in the entire Brazilian territory. They have sharp teeth on both jaws which align in a single row. WELCOME TO. Characteristic of the middle river basin is caatinga vegetation (from the Tupí-Guaraní word meaning “white forest”), an area of stunted, often thorny forest. The São Francisco originates in the Canastra mountain range in the central-western part of the state of Minas Gerais. The river is named for the 16th-century Jesuit leader St. Francis Borgia (São Francisco de Borja). At the border between the states of Sergipe and Alagoas, it drops 80 meters (265 feet) through a series of three spectacular waterfalls. River and Water Trivia. The terrain is more rugged between Brasília and the Atlantic coast owing to ranges such as the Serra da Mantiqueira, the Serra do Espinhaço, and the Serra do Mar. Paulo Afonso Falls on the São Francisco River, Alagoas, Brazil. With a length of 2,914 kilometres (1,811 mi), it is the longest river that runs entirely in Brazilian territory, and the fourth longest in South America and overall in Brazil (after the Amazon, the Paraná and the Madeira). Portsmouth Square in Chinatown was the location of the public square in Yerba Buena. It was founded in 1776 but renamed in 1846. The upper (southern), relatively wet part of the basin is covered with savanna (grassland with patches of trees), called cerrados, and with forests of mixed evergreen and deciduous trees. It is around 3,100 kilometers long. It used to be known as the Opara by the indigenous people before colonisation, and is today also known as Velho Chico ("Old Frank"). Its capital city is Maceió, which is a popular tourist destination, particularly favoured for its beautiful beaches and delicious array of seafood. Piranhas are a medium size species that range from about 14 to 26 cm long although there have been reports of some identified individuals having a length of up to 43 cm. The São Francisco River is the longest river contained entirely in Brazil. Before it was renamed to San Francisco, this small city by the bay was called Yerba Buena. The São Francisco River is a river in Brazil. Recife - a major city and the capital of Pernambuco; Salvador (Salvador da Bahia) - the capital of Bahia, rich in African influence and colonial architecture It runs generally north in the states of Minas Gerais and Bahia, behind the coastal range, draining an area of over 630,000 square kilometres (240,000 sq mi), before turning east to form the border between Bahia on the right bank and the states of Pernambuco and Alagoas on the left one. Now it is the country’s industrial capital, home to Brazil’s biggest cities: São Paulo and Rio de Janeiro. The lower river basin is largely a tropical semidesert, and the climate generally is hot and dry. The highest temperature recorded is 107° F (42° C). One of the borders of Alagoas is created by the impressive São Francisco River. Canion of Canindé de São Francisco, Sergipe, a geological accident carved by the São Francisco River. 1) Sao Francisco River is a river in Brazil and a major river of eastern South America. In the Sao Francisco river district of the sertao, a fragrant and flavorful form of passion fruit grows - called "maracuja do mato" About Us The founders of Zavu, Shayne and Larissa, were inspired to launch Zavu using the acerola fruit, based on time spent in Brazil with Larissa’s family. Brazil is the world’s largest tropical country. Brazil is the longest country in the world, spanning 4,395 km (2,731 mi) from north to south. However, we believe them to be accurate. Professor of Geography, University of Havana, 1960–62. 1. Omissions? For a long time there was a cult for ravens in the city. The average maximum temperature for the region is 92° F (33° C) and the average minimum 66° F (19° C). Whether you're a first time visitor or long-time local, San Francisco's Golden Gates welcome all. Average annual precipitation measures 20 to 40 inches (510 to 1,020 millimetres) in most of the middle basin and 40 to 80 inches in the headwaters region and below the Paulo Afonso Falls; most of the falls zone receives less than 20 inches annually, and a small portion receives less than 10 inches. • San Francisco River (Gila River tributary) – a river of the Gila River Valley in Arizona In 1776, colonists from Spain established a fort at the Golden Gate and a mission named for Francis of Assisi on the site. Current local time in USA – California – San Francisco. It comprises 99 constant tributaries and 69 intermittent ones and plays an integral role in the production of hydropower. Most piranhas don't get any bigger than 2 feet (60 centimeters) long. At the top of the falls, the river divides suddenly and violently and cuts three successive falls through the granite rocks for a total drop of about 275 feet. It emerges from the Canastra Mountain in Minas Gerais, a Brazilian State. Its average discharge is 2,943 cubic meters. Because the São Francisco River flows through the driest region of Brazil, it is subject to seasonal changes in water level of up to 30 feet. For example, the red-bellied piranha and the piraya piranha grow to about 20 inches (51 cm) long, while the black spot piranha grows to about 11 inches (28 cm), according to FishBase. The upper rapids are navigable during periods of high water, but below Petrolina the river is impassable. This is the place to find out about all things San Francisco, and how you can safely experience the best of city. Other major rivers in Brazil include the Paraguay, the Paraná, the Tocantins, the Araguaia, and the São Francisco. Make sure that you go with a friend (or three) and a winch. The dry forests of the hilly uplands support carnauba and babassu palms and such plants as the cactus, the rock rose, and the rhododendron. The Amazon, with its many large tributaries, is the world’s largest river system. The river’s basin area is 641,000 square kilometers. São Francisco River, waterway that rises in the Brazilian highlands and flows north and east through the semiarid backlands of the Northeast of Brazil for approximately 1,988 miles. The Tagus is Iberia is the largest river and its estuary at Lisbon, up to 14 km wide, is said to be large enough to contain all the warships in the world. Their unique dentition differentiates them from other fish. São Francisco River. Brazil is also the only country in the world that has the equator and the Tropic of Capricorn running through it. Thousands of species live in the river, including the infamous piranha and the boto, or pink river dolphin. The São Francisco (Portuguese pronunciation: [sɐ̃w fɾɐ̃ˈsiʃku]) is a river in Brazil. Economically useful species include the caroa, used for its fibres; the castor oil plant; oil, carnauba, and date palms; and cashew and rubber trees. Brazil is among the world’s top petroleum producers. “Water from the São Francisco river is vital,” Ceará Governor Camilo Santana told Reuters. Our Gate is Open. The São Francisco River is the fourth longest river system in South America, and, at approximately 1,800 miles, the longest river that lies completely within Brazil. The run-of-river type plant has 44 bulb turbines of 71.6MW each. Updates? 1) Sao Francisco River is a river in Brazil and a major river of eastern South America. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). SAN FRANCISCO. With a length of 2,914 kilometres (1,811 mi), it is the longest river that runs entirely in Brazilian territory, and the fourth longest in South America and overall in Brazil (after the Amazon, the Paraná and the Madeira). Petrolina - The largest city along the São Francisco river, rich for its fruticulture and beautiful part of the semi-arid region. It is an important source of hydroelectric power and irrigation for eastern and northeastern Brazil. 10 Lines on Sao Francisco River – Set 1. The São Francisco basin occupies some 243,700 square miles (631,200 square kilometres). In this stretch the river receives its main left-bank tributaries—the Paracatu, Urucuia, Corrente, and Grande rivers—and its main right-bank tributaries—the Verde Grande, Paramirim, and Jacaré. One unusual plant of the sertão region is the evergreen aveloz, which can grow to heights of 15 to 20 feet and is used as a hedgerow to mark field boundaries. Get San Francisco's weather and area codes, time zone and DST. With a length of 2,914 kilometres (1,811 mi), it is the longest river that runs entirely in Brazilian territory, and the fourth longest in South America and overall in Brazil (after the Amazon, the Paraná and the Madeira). The run-of-river type plant has 44 bulb turbines of 71.6MW each. The Municipality even had a large cage with ravens in the São … Brazil is also the only country in the world that has the equator and the Tropic of Capricorn running through it. Sao Francisco rises from the mountain ranges of Canastra in Minas-Gerais state. 4) The river was known as ‘Opara’ by the locals before colonization. In this section the river forms the border between the states of Bahia to the south and Pernambuco to the north. Although often described as extremely predatory and mainly feeding on fish, their dietary habits vary extensively, and they will also take plant material, … Before colonization, the river was named as Opara. Hardwoods include the jacaranda, Brazilian cedar (cedro), and vinhatico; cochineal cactus, aloes, and vanilla plants also grow there. Coordinates: 13°10′33″S 43°25′05″W  / … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Chinese fortune cookie was invented by a Japanese resident of San Francisco. Sao Francesco traverses through 5 Brazilian states before flowing into the Atlantic Ocean. Since we haven't always kept track of the source, be sure to cross check the fact if you use it. Over time, we've collected numerous facts on rivers, which we're willing to share. The small amount of rainfall in the area permits the growth of only xerophytic (drought-resistant) brush and grasses. Brazil is the longest country in the world, spanning 4,395 km (2,731 mi) from north to south. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. Sao Francesco traverses through 5 Brazilian states before flowing into the Atlantic Ocean. Of the 1,200+ species listed as threatened or endangered, 50% depend on rivers and streams. The broken course—during which the São Francisco receives the São Pedro, Ipueira, and Pajeú rivers—culminates in the great Paulo Afonso Falls. Explore San Francisco's sunrise and sunset, moonrise and moonset. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Appealing because you have beautiful and serene water views from the comfort of your home since we have n't kept... Print: são francisco river facts right to your inbox Japanese resident of San Francisco, and tropical semi-deciduous forest thrives there kept. 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